Darkcryptomoon Ethereum NFT Con Man

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Darkcryptomoon is an American father and user of multiple cryptocurrencies, heavily interested in NFTs. On November 13th, 2021, his wallet was emptied of both Ethereum and purchased NFTs. Darkcryptomoon has not publicly provided any evidence of an investigation by law enforcement, provided limited details on the exact nature of the breach, and all indications suggest that no funds have ever been recovered. While Darkcryptomoon has taken on a vocal stance against decentralization and ethereum as a result of the incident, he remains a supporter of blockchain technology and NFTs.

About Darkcryptomoon

Darkcryptomoon is a father[1] who has worked for 10 years for the state[2] as an attorney[1]. His political views are largely democratic[3][4]. As of December 23rd, 2021, he is still repaying his student loans[2][5] and also has a mortgage on his house[5]. He feels he's been defrauded by both his hospital[1] and his government[2]. He has been a Reddit user since at least February 20th, 2019[6].

He has used both Coinbase[7][8] and GateHub[9]. He still uses is heavily critical of the Coinbase cryptocurrency exchange[7] due to a lack of support and a separate incident where he lost his seed phrase[10][11][12]. He has investments in Bitcoin[13], Ethereum[13][14][15], GoodDollars[16], Algorand[17], Solana[18][19], and Flow[19][20][21], though he is critical of Ethereum[19][22][23][24][25]. He is a very strong and persistent advocate and supporter of NFTs[26][27][28][29][30][31]. He has investments in NBA Top Shot[32][33][34][35] as his first NFT since late January 2021[36]. He participated in the mints of OneDayPunks[37][38], GamblingApe[39][40], CryptoMom[41], and CryptoDad[42][14][40]. He has also purchased other NFTs[43] including PaniniNFT[44][45] and 2454ByGr4y[46]. He doesn't believe that NFTs make sense as a tool for money laundering[47][48].

It's a way to prove ownership of a digital item. For instance, if you want to flex how much money you own, you may buy a Rolex or really expensive Nikes. But how do you do that in the metaverse? You buy a RTFKT pair of shoes (now part of Nike) or a BAYC/Crypto Punk. Another example would be some clubs and casinos in the MV require you to own one of their NFTs to get in and participate. Why not just require a regular old username and password? Because the NFTs accomplish the same thing, but with much more transparency (being on the Blockchain). Another example would be traditional basketball cards vs digital basketball cards (NFTs). Some people will never want to switch to a digital version if the collectable, because they need to be able to feel the card...similar to traditional books vs ebooks.

It seems like you are saying why even have the Blockchain involved, when you need a third party site to even really decipher the code anyways, since you have to trust the third party site..... I guess I'd say that since it's on the Blockchain, there are so many of these third party sites all saying the same thing, that it would have to be a massive conspiracy to somehow get all of them to unify in a single scam perfectly, which is extremely unlikely (similar to how hacking a Blockchain would be extremely difficult AFAIUI). Or maybe I'm just not understanding what exactly you're saying.... It just all seems like code... Online banking...online stock trading....online anything...it's all code... NFTs/blockchains just add more transparency, right? Is there a much better option that provides the same transparency we should be using?

More to potentially integrate:

https://old.reddit.com/r/facepalm/comments/13jxwpw/deleted_by_user/jki2b9u/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/nflalldayNFT/comments/y6waxp/ts_vs_ad_where_are_you_putting_your_money/isvn4wt/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/nflalldayNFT/comments/y4o76k/yall_scared/ishxz0k/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/lgbt/comments/x1bfjn/offtopic_but_i_think_people_in_this_community/imf55ed/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/nbatopshot/comments/wcj1zd/what_is_your_long_term_investment_strategy/iie4h5i/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/nflalldayNFT/comments/w5ctbz/any_thought_on_why_market_valuations_seem_to_be/ih7t50b/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/nbatopshot/comments/vfmg7q/pretend_im_new_to_top_shot_how_would_you_explain/id0es0m/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/nbatopshot/comments/ur3aul/cool_cats_buy_back/i8uyixq/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/writingcirclejerk/comments/u89rzu/help_i_accidently_turned_my_novel_into_a_nft/i5n15qz/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/nbatopshot/comments/t4acbb/trying_to_connect_bank_account_to_withdraw_balance/hyxuzj7/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/nbatopshot/comments/swvzq4/5_facts_as_to_why_topshot_is_a_pyramid_scheme/hxpu9lo/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/Superstonk/comments/swpb9j/wtf/hxpob5b/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/nbatopshot/comments/svl1a9/account_lost_over_40_value_this_week_dropped_1000/hxh1du3/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/nbatopshot/comments/su78r2/what_is_going_on_with_ts/hx90chq/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/CryptoCurrency/comments/srml86/meet_the_guy_who_went_viral_for_explaining_how/hwt8jnh/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/TooAfraidToAsk/comments/sq3uuw/deleted_by_user/hwm4m75/|Jan 17, 2024

https://old.reddit.com/r/WhiteHatHackers/comments/qvnekg/anyone_help_get_my_eth_back/|Jan 17, 2024

About MetaMask

MetaMask was developed in 2016 by ConsenSys Labs[49]. MetaMask describes itself as a "the leading self-custodial wallet. The safe and simple way to access blockchain applications and web3. Trusted by millions of users worldwide."[50] The application is available and widely used as a mobile application and browser extension[51].

"Available as a browser extension and as a mobile app, MetaMask equips you with a key vault, secure login, token wallet, and token exchange—everything you need to manage your digital assets."

The Reality

Self-custody of funds comes with increased responsibility and risks, including the risk of potentially losing all funds if the private keys are not kept secure.

Darkcryptomoon already had previous struggles with using Coinbase Wallet[52].

"Bought $1,600 in Eth on Coinbase. Made sure my correct MM address was in, and hit send.... Few minutes later Coinbase sends me an email saying they sent it to a completely diff address, one I've never seen before. So I though my Coinbase wallet was hacked and immediately uninstalled, not realizing the Coinbase wallet was not connected to my coinbase.com account, and don't remember ever getting a seed phrase for it, so the other $800 I had in there is gone forever. Eventually the $1,600 made it to my MM, about 3 hours later, just in time to miss the Metaverse mint (which would've been hugely profitable). And guess what Coinbase support said when I called? Trick question, Coinbase has no customer support. There is literally no way to talk to a person for help. I did submit a support ticket to which they responded, not our problem."

What Happened

A large quantity of ethereum and several NFTs were taken from Darkcryptomoon's wallet on November 13th, 2021.

Key Event Timeline - Darkcryptomoon Ethereum NFT Con Man
Date Event Description
March 18th, 2021 11:26:16 PM MDT First Ethereum Wallet Funding Darkcryptomoon's ethereum wallet is used for the first time, with a micro-transfer of 0.00742926 ETH[53].
September 4th, 2021 9:23:35 AM MDT Minting of OneDayPunk NFT The first time that Darkcryptomoon's wallet minted it's first non-fungible token[54], OneDayPunk #702[37][55].
September 5th, 2021 11:11:36 PM MDT Withdraw and Mint GamblingApe NFTs Darkcryptomoon withdraws an additional 0.36482706 ETH from Coinbase[8] and mints GamblingApe #1639, #1640, and #1641[39].
September 7th, 2021 10:26:36 PM MDT Minting CryptoDads NFTs Darkcryptomoon mints CryptoDads #1464, #1465, and #1466[42][56][57].
September 9th, 2021 7:25:53 PM MDT CryptoDads #1466 Transfer 1 CryptoDads #1466 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon's hot wallet to a second wallet under his control[58][59][60].
September 9th, 2021 7:54:14 PM MDT CryptoDads #1465 Transfer 1 CryptoDads #1465 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon's hot wallet to a third wallet under his control[56][61][62].
September 9th, 2021 10:06:14 PM MDT GamblingApe #1640 Sold GamblingApe #1640 is sold to another wallet for 0.54 ETH[63].
September 10th, 2021 4:50:22 PM MDT CryptoDads #1466 Transfer 2 CryptoDads #1466 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon's second wallet back to his hot wallet[60][64].
September 10th, 2021 4:56:18 PM MDT CryptoDads #1466 Transfer 3 CryptoDads #1466 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon's hot wallet back to his second wallet[60][65]
September 29th, 2021 8:16:34 AM MDT Received KnightsOfDegen #3673 Darkcryptomoon receives KnightsOfDegen #3673, apparently for free[66]. (Expand this NFT story.)
September 30th, 2021 7:45:20 AM MDT NftDad #43 Acquired Darkcryptomoon acquired NftDad #43[67].
October 8th, 2021 12:56:29 AM MDT GamblingApe #1641 Sold GamblingApe #1641 is sold to 573v3.eth for 0.33 ETH[68].
October 10th, 2021 4:07:12 PM MDT CryptoDads #1466 Transfer 4 CryptoDads #1466 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon's second wallet back to his hot wallet[60][69].
October 10th, 2021 5:06:48 PM MDT Sale of CryptoDads #1466 CryptoDads #1466 is sold by Darkcryptomoon to another NFT collector for 1.32 ETH[70].
October 15th, 2021 8:02:11 AM MDT Thief Creates Wallet Initially The reported thief first transfers funds to their wallet[71]. There hasn't been any interaction between the thief and Darkcryptomoon yet.
October 19th, 2021 6:53:52 PM MDT 2545ByGr4y #3509 Purchased Darkcryptomoon purchases the 2545ByGr4y #3509 NFT[72][73] from "definitelythetop.eth"[46].
October 20th, 2021 5:23:45 PM MDT CryptoMom #602 Minted The CryptoMom #602 NFT[74] is first minted[41] and stored in Darkcryptomoon's third wallet[62].
October 20th, 2021 8:49:00 PM MDT CryptoDads #1465 Transfered Back The CryptoDads #1465 is transferred back from Darkcryptomoon's second wallet back to his original wallet[56][75].
October 20th, 2021 11:39:49 PM MDT Sale of CryptoDads #1465 CryptoDads #1465 is sold by Darkcryptomoon to another NFT collector from his original wallet for 0.635 ETH[56][76].
October 21st, 2021 12:33:17 AM MDT CryptoMom #602 Transfered The CryptoMom #602 NFT[74] is transferred[77] from Darkcryptomoon's third wallet to his original wallet[15].
October 26th, 2021 9:22:21 PM MDT Sale of CryptoDads #1464 CryptoDads #1464 is sold by Darkcryptomoon to another collector for 0.98 ETH[78][79].
October 27th, 2021 4:01:55 AM MDT Funds Transferred From Binance It appears that the thief has withdrawn a small quantity of funds from Binance, suggesting that they my have an account with KYC information[80].
November 2nd, 2021 3:28:26 PM MDT First Remitano Transfer The thief moves some funds (not related to this specific theft) into their Remitano account[81][82].
November 5th, 2021 9:57:24 PM MST Assisting drdrew450 Darkcryptomoon assists another Reddit user drdrew450, who accidentally overpaid for an NFT[83].
November 13th, 2021 9:38:16 AM MST Ethereum Theft Transaction A blockchain transaction transfers 0.969052970191778852 ETH to the reported thief address[84][85].
November 13th, 2021 11:58:37 AM MST GamblingApe #1639 Stolen GamblingApe #1639 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon to the thief[86].
November 13th, 2021 12:00:20 PM MST KnightsOfDegen #3673 Stolen KnightsOfDegen #3673 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon to the thief[87].
November 13th, 2021 12:19:03 PM MST NftDad #43 Stolen NftDad #43 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon to the thief[88].
November 13th, 2021 12:21:11 PM MST 2545ByGr4y #3509 Stolen 2545ByGr4y #3509 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon to the thief[89].
November 13th, 2021 12:22:03 PM MST OneDayPunk #702 Stolen OneDayPunk #702 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon to the thief[90].
November 13th, 2021 12:23:25 PM MST CryptoMom #602 Stolen CryptoMom #602 is transferred from Darkcryptomoon to the thief[91].
November 17th, 2021 1:18:34 AM MST Reddit Bounty Offer Posted Darkcryptomoon posts details of the theft on Reddit, and additionally offers a "reward if the funds were recovered". It does not appear that anyone responded to his, post except another scammer[92].
November 24th, 2021 2:28:55 PM MST Funds Moved To Another Wallet The thief moves the ethereum from the main wallet to their Remitano wallet[82][93].
November 26th, 2021 4:01:23 PM MST Final Transfer To Remitano The thief moves the funds into a Remitano service wallet address[82][94].
December 15th, 2021 12:12:00 AM MST Discussion About Scams Darkcryptomoon posts a long list of ways that users can get scammed including NFT airdrops, Discord links, fake support staff, one related to sending transactions, and a hardware wallet linking scam[95].
December 28th, 2021 9:18:51 AM MST More Discussion About Scams Darkcryptomoon posts in response to another user's losses that it's "[o]ne of the thousands of scams"[96] and that "the majority of new scams don't require your password or seed phrase to wipe your account"[97].
December 29th, 2021 7:34:45 PM MST Speaking Out Against Decentralization Darkcryptomoon posts against decentralization and describes Ethereum as a "scammers paradise". "There are zero deterrents and zero punishments for people stealing your money"[98].
December 31st, 2021 8:28:43 AM MST Still In Favor of Blockchain Darkcryptomoon posts that he's still in support of the blockchain "[b]ecause there's much more transparency"[99].
December 31st, 2021 10:13:36 PM MST Speaking Out Against Ethereum Darkcryptomoon responds to a post about Solana with a heavy bash against Ethereum. In this post, he reveals that the NFTs taken were all ethereum-based[100].
February 1st, 2022 2:09:17 PM MST Issues With Coinbase Wallet Darkcryptomoon recounts his experience with Coinbase Wallet where he claims "Coinbase sen[t him] an email saying they sent [his ethereum] to a completely diff[erent] address", which caused him to think his "Coinbase wallet was hacked and [he] immediately uninstalled". He didn't "remember ever getting a seed phrase for it", so he lost a reported $1,600 worth of Ethereum[52].
February 15th, 2022 12:41:45 AM MST KnightsOfDegen #3673 Resold The KnightsOfDegen #3673 is resold for 0.50753 WETH[101].
March 3rd, 2022 6:39:19 PM MST Scammer Replies To Reddit Post A fraudster named Thuokl responds to recommend contacting a "proficient recovery expert"[102].
March 3rd, 2022 6:44:14 PM MST Response To Scammer Darkcryptomoon responds to the fraudster in a less than nice manner[103].
March 5th, 2022 5:41:56 PM MST Warning To Billyfudpucker Darkcryptomoon responds to Billyfudpucker's post to warn him about not responding to any private messages from individuals as they are likely also scammers[104].
July 16th, 2022 11:05:34 PM MDT Response To Another Theft Case Darkcryptomoon describes the thefts as "a major con of decentralization. Endless new scams. Endless new exploits. Endless new hacks."[105]

Technical Analysis

While the exact mechanism by which Darkcryptomoon's wallet was breached is unknown, there are several important clues:

  • We can determine from the blockchain that the theft of the Ethereum did not happen through a smart contract[84].
  • Ethereum and multiple NFTs have gone missing from the same incident[84][86][88][89][90][91][92], in addition to ethereum. This suggests an exposure of the seed phrase or private keys.
  • Darkcryptomoon reports his MetaMask wallet was hacked[106] and there is no indication that a hardware wallet was used, which allows for the possibility of both malware or entering the seed phrase into a fake wallet.
  • The thief first drained the wallet of ethereum, and only later (after over 2 hours of time) transferred the NFTs[84][86]. This suggests that the thief was primarily after ethereum, and the NFTs were of secondary concern, and also that the thief was not using any sort of automated script.
  • Darkcryptomoon did not attempt to transfer any NFTs out of the wallet during the entire time[15]. This suggests that either Darkcryptomoon was not paying active attention to his wallet at the time, that Darkcryptomoon did not know his other assets were at risk, or that he did not know what actions to take.
  • The thief's OpenSea account has a large number of NFTs present[107], suggesting that this isn't the first victim.
  • The thief moves the stolen funds to the Remitano service directly[81]. This suggests that the thief is overseas and doesn't have significant privacy concerns or understanding.
  • The wallet which originally funded the thief's wallet, has also funded other phishing wallets[71][108].

It is likely that identifying information was captured by the Remitano service and could be tracked down further.

Total Amount Lost

Darkcryptomoon described his losses as 0.97 ETH in addition to $2,300 worth of NFTs[92]. A blockchain transfer for 0.969052970191778852 ETH to the reported thief's address was located[84].

He stole 0.97 ETH from me. Looks to just be sitting there. He also stole some NFTs valued at about $2,300.

The closing market price for ethereum on November 13th, 2021 was $4,651.46 USD[109]. This approximates the value of the ethereum taken at $4,507.51.

Darkcryptomoon described the NFTs as ethereum-based[100] with a value of "about $2,300"[92]. Several NFTs have been noted as removed from Darkcryptomoon's wallet at the time of the attack[110].

  • GamblingApe #1639[86][111]. Darkcryptomoon only had one GamblingApe left, since he sold the other 2[62][68]. This item was resold multiple times since. GamblingApe NFTs are no longer available on OpenSea[112].
  • KnightsOfDegen #3673[87][113]. This was received for free[66]. After transfer to the thief, the NFT was later resold for 0.50753 WETH[101].
  • NftDad #43[88][114][115].
  • 2545ByGr4y #3509[116][73]. This was originally purchased for 0.5 ETH[46].
  • OneDayPunk #702[38][55] - This is presently owned by OpenSea user 6897 and has never been sold.
  • CryptoMom #602[117][74].

Combining the ethereum with the reported $2,300 in NFTs, the total amount lost has been estimated at $7,000 USD.

Immediate Reactions

Very little is known about the immediate reaction of Darkcryptomoon, however the blockchain reports no activity on his wallet throughout the entire theft[15], which lasted well over 2 hours[71][74]. Therefore, it seems most likely that he noticed the NFTs missing after they were already gone.

He reports having filed a report with the FBI through their "IC3" interface[104], however the specific timing nor details of that is not provided.

"My MM got hacked. Filed a report with the FBI, never heard anything back. It's a hackers/scammers paradise right now...no one can do anything as far as I found.... Just a bunch of people saying they want to help, but trying to scam me for even more of my money."

Darkcryptomoon posted to Reddit 4 days after the theft transaction, offering a bounty to help trace the funds[92]. He reports receiving no legitimate offers to help, and multiple scams from people claiming they want to assist him[104].

The con man's eth address is 0x9A4d2F9E0A2BBBaDA7161fB5A053a6BDDcD06897

He stole 0.97 ETH from me. Looks to just be sitting there. He also stole some NFTs valued at about $2,300.

I have the Twitter account, website, email he used also, if needed. And yeah, there would be a reward if the funds were recovered, but I understand it's probably not enough to make it worthwhile for anyone. Thought I'd try anyways.

Ultimate Outcome

Since the incident, Darkcryptomoon has been extensively researching other types of scams[95]. He has repeatedly spoken out about Ethereum[19][23][25][96][98][100] and decentralization in general[24][95][96][98]. However, he is still in support of blockchain technology[99]. He has expressed preference for centralized chains[24][98][100][118] and Proof of Stake[119].

One of the thousands of scams. This is the problem with decentralized chains like Ethereum... There are no deterrents/punishments for scammers, so scammers are incentivized to come up with more and more effective scams. The same people making fun of you could very likely fall for a future scam and get made fun of by new users. No one can do anything about it. No one will do anything about it. All you can do is watch how the scammer spends your money. Don't fall for anyone trying to help you get your money back. White hat hackers are a myth unless you've lost millions and willing to pay them millions. Ethereum is becoming a cess pool.

You do realize that the majority of new scams don't require your password or seed phrase to wipe your account, right? And dear gawd I hope you realize the scams will only continue to get more sinister and wipe more and more people's account clean. You can keep laughing and ignoring the reality until it's your turn.

Decentralization comes with its own problems though... Ethereum is becoming a scammers paradise. There are zero deterrents and zero punishments for people stealing your money. And this incentivizes these thieves to come up with more elaborate ways to steal your money... It's not just about accidentally giving up your seed phrase anymore, there's all sorts of new scams hitting the chain. I fear that soon there will be so many new scams the chain will ultimately fail leaving only centralized ones.

Sorry OP.... Many many people have had the same thing happen. It's a major con of decentralization. Endless new scams. Endless new exploits. Endless new hacks. Because there's no way to punish these evil people they will just come up with more ways to steal people's money and there's nothing anyone can do except know all the different ways to protect yourself at all times no matter the new ones that come out. Ethereum is becoming a wasteland.

Ethereum has some major problems that people know about, but choosing to not pay heed to. 1) The ridiculous gas fees. 2) The complete lack of any deterrents or punishments for scammers. There's absolutely nothing anyone can do if a scammer steals all of your ETH/Eth-based NFTs... So there's a big incentive to keep coming up with more elaborate and believable scams. It's not just giving up your seed phrase anymore, and the scams will constantly become more numerous and nefarious. Ethereum will also play a part in the crypto community, but when more adoption happens, I think people will ultimately prefer a more centralized chain that can offer more support and customer service, along with near zero fees, instead of upwards of $4,000 in fees you have with peak gas wars on Ethereum. Ethereum badly needs to be dethroned, and Solana is a top contender (along with Flow and Cardano IMO).

"There's zero punishments for scammers and hackers... These decentralized chains incentivize thieves to come up with more and more hacks, because they get off with your money scot free. Sad stuff."

Darkcryptomoon has spent some time reaching out and assisting other fraud victims, warning them not to respond to private messages[104].

Anyone DMing you offering to help or telling you to contact "this person" is trying to scam you again. There is not going to be anyone that can actually help you, I know from first hand experience. File a report with the FBI (https://www.ic3.gov/) and try and track the movements of your stolen crypto...when they move it to an exchange,.contact the exchange and have the crypto frozen (most likely they will ignore you).

There does not appear to have been any response to their bounty thread[92][104]. Darkcryptomoon reports that there was no response from the FBI[104].

OpenSea Delisting

Some of the stolen assets have been delisted on OpenSea, and now display the warning:

The item you tried to visit is no longer available on OpenSea. It will not be visible or accessible to anyone browsing the marketplace

Total Amount Recovered

As of July 17th, 2022, it does not appear that any recovery has been obtained[105].

Ongoing Developments

There does not appear to be any investigation nor recovery in progress[105]. Darkcryptomoon did not respond to a request for further information via Reddit.

Individual Prevention Policies

The exact nature of the theft is not confirmed. Thefts of this nature can be defended against by storing funds offline, not sharing private keys, and verifying executables.

Store the majority of funds offline. By offline, it means that the private key and/or seed phrase is exclusively held by you and not connected to any networked device. Examples of offline storage include paper wallets (seed phrase or key written down and deleted from all electronic media), hardware wallets, steel wallet devices, etc...

Private keys can be obtained through seed phrases, mnemonics, private key files, mobile synchronization screens, wallet export features, wallet backups, etc... Never ever send these to anyone else who you do not intend to allow to take all of your money. Attackers will use a wide variety of tactics to convince you like pretending to be your wallet software, pretending they work for the wallet software, or asking you to screen share. Don't fall for them.

Any time untrusted software is being run is an opportunity for abuse. It is recommended to always interact with cryptocurrency in a fully controlled environment, which is an environment where you have understanding of every piece of software running there. Using a hardware wallet, spare computer with all software wiped, and/or virtual machine with only the needed software greatly reduces your attack surface. Take the time to verify downloaded files come from the correct and expected source and match available hashes if provided. Any time you encounter a new file, always check if it can contain executable code prior to using it.

For the full list of how to protect your funds as an individual, check our Prevention Policies for Individuals guide.

Platform Prevention Policies

Never take for granted the limited knowledge of users of your service and their tendency to skip past provided information. It is recommended to design a simple tutorial and quiz for new users which explains the basics of seed phrases, strong password generation, secure two-factor authentication, common fraud schemes, how ponzi schemes work, as well as other risks which are unique to the cryptocurrency space. This tutorial and quiz should ensure their understanding and be a standard part of the sign-up or download process which is difficult or impossible to skip.

For the full list of how to protect your funds as a financial service, check our Prevention Policies for Platforms guide.

Regulatory Prevention Policies

Create a standard tutorial and quiz for all new cryptocurrency participants, which is required to be completed once per participant. This tutorial and quiz should cover the basics of proper seed phrase protection, strong password generation, secure two-factor authentication, common fraud schemes, how to detect and guard against phishing attacks, how ponzi schemes work, as well as other risks which are unique to the cryptocurrency space.

For the full list of regulatory policies that can prevent loss, check our Prevention Policies for Regulators guide.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Darkcryptomoon - "The hospital where we went for our child's delivery" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Darkcryptomoon - "I just want what was promised (I worked for the state, at lower wages, for ten years" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  3. Darkcryptomoon - "Republicans want to use violence to end fair and free elections" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  4. Darkcryptomoon - "I know you can't do it on the job" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Darkcryptomoon - "I love how my student loans have a 7% interest rate" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  6. Darkcryptomoon - Who to keep? For diehards only - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  7. 7.0 7.1 Darkcryptomoon - "I don't think there is anyway to talk to an actual person" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Darkcryptomoon withdraws 0.36482706 ETH from Coinbase - Etherscan (Mar 10, 2023)
  9. Darkcryptomoon - "Is Gatehub really charging me" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  10. Darkcryptomoon - "I didn't realize my Coinbase Wallet wasn't linked to my coinbase.com account" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  11. Darkcryptomoon - "I lost access to my funds as well...similar situation." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  12. Darkcryptomoon - "I assume the $1,600 is gone for good." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  13. 13.0 13.1 Darkcryptomoon - "As someone who has been using BTC and ETH occasionally" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  14. 14.0 14.1 Darkcryptomoon - 1 ETH Giveaway - CryptoDadsNFT - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Darkcryptomoon's Wallet and Transactions - Etherscan (Mar 10, 2023)
  16. Darkcryptomoon - "I've been getting my daily (well, when I remember to do so) GoodDollars" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  17. Darkcryptomoon - "I was able to turn my XRP into Algorand" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  18. Darkcryptomoon Reply To "If You Hold Solana, Tell Me Why" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Darkcryptomoon - "Ethereum is killing itself" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  20. Darkcryptomoon - "Flow, for instance, is less decentralized, but such a better chain, IMO." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  21. Darkcryptomoon - "Give me blockchains like Flow any day" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  22. Darkcryptomoon - "Ethereum is the worst." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  23. 23.0 23.1 Darkcryptomoon - "Ethereum has failed to scale." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 Darkcryptomoon - "This is the problem with decentralized chains" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  25. 25.0 25.1 Darkcryptomoon - "On Ethereum, that $74 would cost $342, after gas fees." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  26. Carkcryptomoon Response To "I don't get the hype behind NFTs and I think they are idiotic." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  27. Darkcryptomoon Response To "$500 to $160,000 with NFT" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  28. Darkcryptomoon Response to "NFT for Christmas" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  29. Darkcryptomoon - "Copying my previous reply to someone else...." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  30. Darkcryptomoon - "I'm not sure this is the argument against NFTs people think it is." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  31. Darkcryptomoon - "Alright numbskull.... I'm taking the time" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  32. Darkcryptomoon - "Series 2 is the best bang for most people." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  33. Darkcryptomoon - "I was buying $2 moments the week before" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  34. Darkcryptomoon - "If someone says this isn't meant to be an investment, they are straight up lying" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  35. Darkcryptomoon - "It comes into play for the rare and legendary packs" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  36. Darkcryptomoon - "Marcus Smart (15k) for $4 in late January." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  37. 37.0 37.1 Darkcryptomoon Mints OneDayPunk #702 - Etherscan (Mar 10, 2023)
  38. 38.0 38.1 OneDayPunks Collection - OpenSea (May 12, 2023)
  39. 39.0 39.1 Darkcryptomoon Mints 3 GamblingApe NFTs - Etherscan (Mar 21, 2023)
  40. 40.0 40.1 Darkcryptomoon - "I own a gambling ape NFT which gets me into free online poker tournaments every other week with cash prizes." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  41. 41.0 41.1 Minting Transaction for CryptoMom #602 - Etherscan (May 12, 2023)
  42. 42.0 42.1 Darkcryptomoon Minting CryptoDads #1464, #1465, and #1466 - Etherscan (Mar 22, 2023)
  43. Darkcryptomoon - "I'm involved with a variety of them (nothing expensive)" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  44. Darkcryptomoon - "I just bought an Iverson and Duncan for $10 each" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  45. Darkcryptomoon - "I was able to get some of the last few drops" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 2545ByGr4y Purchased By Darkcryptomoon - Etherscan (May 12, 2023)
  47. Darkcryptomoon - "No one launders money through NFTs...it's the worst possible way" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  48. Darkcryptomoon - "It's the worst way to money launder... No one is using NFTs for that." - Reddit (Mar 16, 2023)
  49. New Internet: Blockchain Technology Could Help Us Take Back Our Data from Facebook, Google and Amazon - NewsWeek (Mar 7, 2023)
  50. MetaMask Homepage (Mar 6, 2022)
  51. What is MetaMask? - YouTube (Mar 6, 2022)
  52. 52.0 52.1 Darkcryptomoon - "Bought $1,600 in Eth on Coinbase. Made sure my correct MM address was in, and hit send.... Few minutes later Coinbase sends me an email saying they sent it to a completely diff address, one I've never seen before. So I though my Coinbase wallet was hacked and immediately uninstalled, not realizing the Coinbase wallet was not connected to my coinbase.com account, and don't remember ever getting a seed phrase for it, so the other $800 I had in there is gone forever." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  53. First Transfer of 0.00742926 ETH to Darkcryptomoon's Wallet - Etherscan (Mar 10, 2023)
  54. Darkcryptomoon NFT Transfers - Etherscan (Mar 21, 2023)
  55. 55.0 55.1 OneDayPunk #702 - OpenSea (Mar 21, 2023)
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 56.3 CryptoDads #1465 - CoinBase NFT (Mar 29, 2023)
  57. CryptoDads #1465 NFT - OpenSea (May 15, 2023)
  58. Darkcryptomoon's Second Ethereum Wallet - Etherscan (Mar 29, 2023)
  59. First Transfer of CryptoDads #1466 - Etherscan (Mar 29, 2023)
  60. 60.0 60.1 60.2 60.3 CryptoDads #1466 - CoinBase NFT (Mar 29, 2023)
  61. CryptoDads #1465 Internal Transfer - Etherscan (Mar 29, 2023)
  62. 62.0 62.1 62.2 Darkcryptomoon's Third Wallet - Etherscan (Mar 29, 2023)
  63. Sale of GamblingApe #1640 - Etherscan (Mar 30, 2023)
  64. CryptoDads #1466 Transfer 2 - Etherscan (Mar 29, 2023)
  65. CryptoDads #1466 Transfer 3 - Etherscan (Mar 29, 2023)
  66. 66.0 66.1 KnightsofDegen #3673 Received For Free - Etherscan (Mar 30, 2023)
  67. NftDad #43 Acquired - Etherscan (Apr 4, 2023)
  68. 68.0 68.1 Sale of GamblingApe #1641 - Etherscan (Mar 30, 2023)
  69. CryptoDads #1466 Transfer 4 - Etherscan (Mar 29, 2023)
  70. Sale of CryptoDads #1466 - Etherscan (Mar 29, 2023)
  71. 71.0 71.1 71.2 Thief Initially Funds Their Wallet With Ethereum - Etherscan (Mar 9, 2023)
  72. 2545ByGray Collection - OpenSea (May 15, 2023)
  73. 73.0 73.1 2545ByGr4y #3509 - Etherscan (May 12, 2023)
  74. 74.0 74.1 74.2 74.3 CryptoMom #602 - Etherscan (May 12, 2023)
  75. CryptoDads #1465 Internal Transfer Back - Etherscan (Mar 29, 2023)
  76. CryptoDads #1456 NFT sold to Freeman - Etherscan (Mar 22, 2023)
  77. Transfer of CryptoMom #602 From Darkcryptomoon's Third Wallet To Original Wallet (May 12, 2023)
  78. Sale of CryptoDads #1464 - Etherscan (Mar 29, 2023)
  79. CryptoDads #1464 - CoinBase NFT (Mar 29, 2023)
  80. Thief Transfers Funds From Binance To Their Wallet - Etherscan (Mar 9, 2023)
  81. 81.0 81.1 First Remitano Deposit By Thief - Etherscan (Mar 9, 2023)
  82. 82.0 82.1 82.2 Second wallet of the thief which is transferring to Remitano - Etherscan (Mar 9, 2023)
  83. Darkcryptomoon - "Sent a small gift. Hang in there" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  84. 84.0 84.1 84.2 84.3 84.4 Initial Theft Transaction For 0.969052970191778852 ETH - Etherscan (Mar 7, 2023)
  85. Reported Attacker's Wallet Transactions - 0x9A4d2F9E0A2BBBaDA7161fB5A053a6BDDcD06897 - Etherscan (Mar 9, 2023)
  86. 86.0 86.1 86.2 86.3 GamblingApe #1639 Transferred To Thief - Etherscan (Mar 22, 2023)
  87. 87.0 87.1 KnightsOfDegen #3673 Tranferred To Thief - Etherscan (Apr 4, 2023)
  88. 88.0 88.1 88.2 NftDad #43 Transferred To Thief - Etherscan (Apr 4, 2023)
  89. 89.0 89.1 2545ByGr4y #3509 Transferred To Thief - Etherscan (May 12, 2023)
  90. 90.0 90.1 OneDayPunk #702 Transferred To Thief - Etherscan (Mar 30, 2023)
  91. 91.0 91.1 CryptoMom #602 Transferred To Thief - Etherscan (May 12, 2023)
  92. 92.0 92.1 92.2 92.3 92.4 92.5 Darkcryptomoon - Anyone help get my ETH back? : WhiteHatHackers - Reddit (Mar 6, 2023)
  93. Further Transfer of Funds To Another Wallet (0xA7F1) - Etherscan (Mar 9, 2023)
  94. Final Transfer From Thief To Remitano - Etherscan (Mar 9, 2023)
  95. 95.0 95.1 95.2 Darkcryptomoon - "There are endless incentives for hackers and scammers to keep coming up with new ways to steal your crypto" - Reddit (Mar 16, 2023)
  96. 96.0 96.1 96.2 Darkcryptomoon - "One of the thousands of scams." - Reddit (Mar 16, 2023)
  97. Darkcryptomoon - "the majority of new scams don't require your password or seed phrase to wipe your account" - Reddit (Mar 16, 2023)
  98. 98.0 98.1 98.2 98.3 Darkcryptomoon - "Ethereum is becoming a scammers paradise. There are zero deterrents" - Reddit (Mar 16, 2023)
  99. 99.0 99.1 Darkcryptomoon - "Because there's much more transparency on the Blockchain" - Reddit (Mar 16, 2023)
  100. 100.0 100.1 100.2 100.3 Darkcryptomoon - "There's absolutely nothing anyone can do if a scammer steals all of your ETH/Eth-based NFTs..." - Reddit (Mar 10, 2023)
  101. 101.0 101.1 KnightsOfDegen #3673 Sold For 0.50753 WETH - Etherscan (Apr 4, 2023)
  102. Thuokl - "I’m so grateful to meet this proficient [scammer who pretends to be a] recovery expert" - Reddit (Mar 16, 2023)
  103. Darkcryptomoon - "I hope you get what you deserve." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  104. 104.0 104.1 104.2 104.3 104.4 104.5 Darkcryptomoon - "There is not going to be anyone that can actually help you, I know from first hand experience." - Reddit (Mar 6, 2023)
  105. 105.0 105.1 105.2 Darkcryptomoon - "Endless new scams. Endless new exploits. Endless new hacks." - Reddit (Mar 6, 2023)
  106. Darkcryptomoon comments on [deleted by user] (Mar 6, 2023)
  107. Thief Account on OpenSea (May 12, 2023)
  108. Wallet Which Funded Thief Sending 0.00248 ETH to Fake_Phishing5855 (May 15, 2023)
  109. Ethereum Historic Market Price - CoinMarketCap (Mar 7, 2023)
  110. Darkcryptomoon's Wallet NFT Transfers - Etherscan (Mar 22, 2023)
  111. GamblingApe #1639 - Etherscan (Mar 22, 2023)
  112. GamblingApe No Longer Available - OpenSea (Mar 30, 2023)
  113. KnightsOfDegen #3673 (Apr 4, 2023)
  114. NftDad #43 - Etherscan (Apr 4, 2023)
  115. NftDad #43 - OpenSea (Apr 4, 2023)
  116. 545ByGr4y #3509 - OpenSea (Mar 22, 2023)
  117. CryptoMom #602 - OpenSea (Mar 22, 2023)
  118. Darkcryptomoon - "Decentralization has it's benefits... But it'll be a scammers wasteland eventually (at the rate it's going)." - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)
  119. Darkcryptomoon - "Proof of Stake. It's the better way" - Reddit (Mar 7, 2023)